“A dragon vein, stands there, carrying the Yellow River and the Yangze River, leading the north and south. It is Qinling, the greatest mountains in China. The story of Shan Ben is my records of Qinling.” This is the inscription of Jia Pingwa’s novel Shan Ben, from which we can see the deep and long-termed relationship between the writer and the Qinling Mountains.
Qinling is Jia Pingwa’s creation base
亚洲欧洲中文字幕网址Jia Pingwa’s works mainly focus on Shangzhou and Xi’an. Shangzhou stands at the south of the Qinling Mountains and Xi’an locates at the north. Qinling Mountains, starts westly from Baishi Mountain in the north of Gansu Province, stretching through Gansu, Sichuan, Shanxi, Hubei and Henan Provinces, east to Funiu Mountain. Its overall length is over 1600 km and north-south width is from tens to two or three hundred meters. The main body, stretches more than 500 km in Shaanxi Province, with west in the origin of Jialing River in Baoji to Danjiang River Valley in Shangzhou. Shaanxi has 6 cities and 35 counties wholely or partially in Qin ling. Shangzhou, Jia Pingwa’s hometown, Danfeng county in Shang Luo, is sitting at the foot of the Qinling Mountains. Therefore, Qinling is the creation space of Jia Pingwa’s literature.1980年代的商州三录、改革三部曲《腊月·正月》，《鸡屋洼人家》 （电影《野山》 ）《小月前本》、《远山野情》，1990年代的《太白山记》，2000年的《怀念狼》，2018年的《山本》是贾平凹作品中反映秦岭最真切的作品。商州是贾平凹文学创作根据地，自然、地理赋予作家创作的旺盛生命力，秦岭山中的人事、民俗、历史文化古迹、气候地理成作家写作的对象，从而以秦岭讲述中国故事。
亚洲欧洲中文字幕网址Many of Jia Pingwa’s works typically reflect the Qinling Mountains, for instance, December and January, Families in Ji Wuwa (adapted into the movie In The Wild Mountains), The Stories of Xiaoyue, Distant Mountains and Wild Passion in 1980s, The Records of Tai Bai Mountain in 1990s, Wolves of Yesterday in 2000 and Shan Ben in 2018. Shangzhou, Jia Pingwa’s literature creation base, provides him with numerous vitality. The author takes people, events, folk customs, historical and cultural heritages, climate and geography in Qinling as his writing objects to tell the stories of China.
Modern civilization criticism and ecological consciousness
Wolves, recluses and bandits are the featured and unique elements in Jia Pingwa’s Qinling series for the adoration of the strong and energetic wolves, the detachment of four recluses in Shangshan mountains, and the levity of bandits (note: Shang Shan Si Hao: four learned recluses who lived in Shangshan Mountains during the early period of Han dynasty, respectively Tang Bing，Cui Guang，Wu Shi and Zhou Shu. They believed in the Yellow Emperor and Lao Tzu doctrine and didn’t want to be officials). For instance, the freedom and willfulness displayed in Wu Kui, Bai Lang, Evening Rain , and Beautiful Cave, the yearning to Zhongnan Mountain and to vitality in Ruined City, the awareness of racial degeneration in Old Gao Village, the strong reflection to modern civilization criticism and alienation of human nature and the transformation progress displayed in Wolves of Yesterday all construct the call for the contemporary ecological civilization. This criticism consciousness is a modern and human consciousness which requires us to distinguish the most advanced aspects as well as the problems and solutions in stepping up to the higher grade, how can we conquer the brutality and gloom to achieve the final justness, affluence, respect and comfort?
Human beings and the narrative of life
Jia Pingwa's chronicle of the Qinling Mountains is the life history of the Chinese people. It is the love and hatred of all living beings in Qinling Mountains and the city of Xi’an. His book Shan Ben is the reflection of modern Chinese history. Master of Songs is the vicissitudes of Chinese people in one hundred years. The Lantern Bearer is Qinling township stability maintenance story. Qin Opera reflects the desire for the reconstruction when rural society is in disorder. Happy Dreams is a typical narrative of average people in Qinling Mountains to chase their dreams in urban area. Jia Pingwa's works take the folk as the important angle and reflect the social development course. In his view, the grassroot is a traditional culture different from the upper class, which has maintained and supported the daily life of the common people for thousands of years. He wrote novels about life to see the great changes in Chinese society through daily joys and sorrows. Therefore, Jia Pingwa’s literature is standing on the top of the Qinling Mountains to review China, and let the world hear the echoes of China's Qinling Mountains.